Chronology: 1874–1942

1874. Lucy Maud Montgomery is born on 30 November in Clifton (now New London), Prince Edward Island, the first and only child of Hugh John Montgomery (1841–1900) and Clara (née Macneill) Montgomery (1853–76).

1876. Clara Montgomery dies of tuberculosis on 14 September, leaving her twenty-one-month-old daughter to be raised by her parents, Alexander Montgomery and Lucy (née Woolner) Macneill, in the nearby village of Cavendish.

1889. Before her fifteenth birthday, Montgomery begins a new journal, one that will eventually be transcribed in ten legal-sized ledgers that will provide the basis for five volumes of The Selected Journals of L.M. Montgomery and two volumes of The Complete Journals of L.M. Montgomery.

1890. In August, at the age of fifteen, Montgomery travels by rail with her paternal grandfather, Donald Montgomery, to Prince Albert, NWT (now Saskatchewan), to be reunited with her father, who has remarried, and to attend high school there. In November, days before her sixteenth birthday, she publishes her first poem, “On Cape Le Force,” in the Charlottetown Daily Patriot.

1891. Unable to bear the friction between her and her stepmother, Montgomery returns to Prince Edward Island in August.

1892. After a year out of school, Montgomery resumes her studies in Cavendish in August, with the intention of studying for the entrance exams to attend Prince of Wales College in Charlottetown, with the intention of becoming a teacher.

1893. In July, Montgomery writes her entrance examination, achieving the fifth highest ranking out of 264 candidates. She begins her studies in September, intending to complete a two-year teaching course in one year. She would write about this year in her 1927 article “The Day Before Yesterday” in The College Times.

1894. Montgomery publishes poems and sketches in the Prince of Wales College Record. She completes her studies in June with the sixth highest ranking in her year and, with her teaching certificate, begins teaching in the rural settlement of Bideford, PE, in late July, the same month she publishes the poem “The Violet’s Spell” in the New York magazine The Ladies’ World.

1895. Montgomery leaves Bideford and returns home to Cavendish at the end of June. In September, with savings from her teaching work and help from her grandmother, Montgomery begins a year at Dalhousie University in Halifax, taking a series of courses in English literature.

1908. Her first novel, Anne of Green Gables, is published to great acclaim by Boston publisher L.C. Page and Company in June.

1909. Anne of Avonlea, the first sequel to Anne of Green Gables, is published in September. In November, Montgomery is profiled by A. Wylie Mahon in The Canadian Bookman.

1910. Kilmeny of the Orchard, an expansion of the 1908 serial “Una of the Garden,” is published in March. In November, she travels to Boston to meet her publisher; coverage of her visit appears in a number of Boston periodicals, including The Boston Herald, The Boston Post, The Boston Traveler, and The Republic.

1911. The Story Girl is published in spring. Montgomery also publishes four nature essays, beginning with “Spring in the Woods,” in The Canadian Magazine. Following the death of her grandmother in March, Montgomery leaves Cavendish for the home of relatives in Park Corner. Her marriage there to Ewan Macdonald on 5 July receives coverage in a number of periodicals, including The Guardian, Manitoba Free Press, The Boston Herald, The Christian Science Monitor, and The Patriot. After a honeymoon in England and Scotland, she moves to Ontario to begin a new life as the wife of a Presbyterian minister.

1912. Chronicles of Avonlea is published in June, just before the birth of her first son, Chester Cameron Macdonald. A (likely fake) interview with Montgomery about her writing methods appears the same month in The Writer: A Monthly Magazine to Interest and Help All Literary Workers (Boston, MA) and The Western Mail (Perth, Australia).

1913. The Golden Road is published in August.

1914. Montgomery is profiled by Marjory MacMurchy in Manitoba Free Press and by Mary Josephine Trotter in Everywoman’s World.

1916: The Toronto firm McClelland, Goodchild and Stewart publishes The Watchman and Other Poems in November.

1919. Rainbow Valley, a novel featuring Anne’s children and their friends, is published in both Canada and the USA in August.

1921. Rilla of Ingleside, a novel about Anne’s grown children during the Great War, is published in September in the USA and in October in Canada.

1942. L.M. Montgomery dies at her home in Toronto on 24 April, after submitting to her publishers her final book, The Blythes Are Quoted, which would be published in its entirety only in 2009.