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Carole Gerson

Carole Gerson is a professor emerita of English at Simon Fraser University whose research focuses on Canadian literary and publishing history and on early Canadian women writers. She is the author of Canadian Women in Print 1750–1918 and of several chapters on L.M. Montgomery, most recently in The Oxford Handbook of Canadian Literature (2016) and L.M. Montgomery and Gender (2021).


Book-Length Study (1)

Gerson, Carole. Canadian Women in Print 1750–1918. Waterloo: Wilfrid Laurier University Press, 2010.

Book Chapters (11)

Gerson, Carole. “L.M. Montgomery, E. Pauline Johnson, and the Figure of the ‘Half-Breed Girl.’” In L.M. Montgomery and Gender, edited by E. Holly Pike and Laura M. Robinson, 249–65. Montreal and Kingston: McGill-Queen’s University Press, 2021.

Gerson, Carole. “Mid-century Modernity and Fiction by Women, 1920–1950.” In The Oxford Handbook of Canadian Literature, edited by Cynthia Sugars, 337–51. New York: Oxford University Press, 2016.

Gerson, Carole. “Seven Milestones: How Anne of Green Gables Became a Canadian Icon.” In Anne’s World: A New Century of Anne of Green Gables, edited by Irene Gammel and Benjamin Lefebvre, 17–34. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2010.

Gerson, Carole. “Imprint and the Nation: The History of English-Canadian Publishing through the Lens of L.M. Montgomery.” In Canada: Images of a Post-National Society, edited by Gunilla Florby, Mark Shackleton, and Katri Suhonen, 113–25. Brussels: Peter Lang, 2009. Canadian Studies 19.

Gerson, Carole. “L.M. Montgomery and the Conflictedness of a Woman Writer.” In Storm and Dissonance: L.M. Montgomery and Conflict, edited by Jean Mitchell, 67–80. Newcastle, UK: Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 2008.

Cambron, Micheline, and Carole Gerson. “Literary Authorship.” In History of the Book in Canada, Volume 2: 1840–1918, edited by Yvan Lamonde, Patricia Lockhart Fleming, and Fiona A. Black, 119–34. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2005.

Gerson, Carole. “Anne of Green Gables Goes to University: L.M. Montgomery and Academic Culture.” In Making Avonlea: L.M. Montgomery and Popular Culture, edited by Irene Gammel, 17–31. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2002.

Gerson, Carole. “‘Fitted to Earn Her Own Living’: Figures of the New Woman in the Writing of L.M. Montgomery.” In Children’s Voices in Atlantic Literature and Culture: Essays on Childhood, edited by Hilary Thompson, 24–34. Guelph: Canadian Children’s Press, 1995.

Also in The L.M. Montgomery Reader, Volume 2: A Critical Heritage, edited by Benjamin Lefebvre, 198–211. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2014.

Gerson, Carole. “Canadian Women Writers and American Markets, 1880–1940.” In Context North America: Canadian/U.S. Literary Relations, edited by Camille R. La Bossière, 107–18. Ottawa: University of Ottawa Press, 1994. Reappraisals: Canadian Writers 18.

Gerson, Carole. “The Business of a Woman’s Life: Money and Motive in the Careers of Early Canadian Women Writers.” In Women’s Writing and the Literary Institution / L’Écriture au féminin et l’institution littéraire: Proceedings of a Conference, edited by Claudine Potvin, Janice Williamson, and Steven Tötösy de Zepetnek, 77–94. Edmonton: Research Institute for Comparative Literature, University of Alberta, 1992.

Gerson, Carole. “The Canon between the Wars: Field-Notes of a Feminist Literary Archaeologist.” In Canadian Canons: Essays in Literary Value, edited by Robert Lecker, 46–56, 205–8. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1991.

Journal Articles (2)

Gerson, Carole. “Writers without Borders: The Global Framework of Canada’s Early Literary History.” Canadian Literature 201 (Summer 2009): 15–33.

Gerson, Carole. “‘Dragged at Anne’s Chariot Wheels’: L.M. Montgomery and the Sequels to Anne of Green Gables.” Papers of the Bibliographical Society of Canada / Cahiers de la Société bibliographique du Canada 35, no. 2 (Fall 1997): 143–59.

Also in Part Two: Reflections on the Sequel, edited by Paul Budra and Betty A. Schellenberg, 144–59. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1998.

Revised version as “‘Dragged at Anne’s Chariot Wheels’: The Triangle of Author, Publisher, and Fictional Character” in L.M. Montgomery and Canadian Culture, edited by Irene Gammel and Elizabeth Epperly, 49–63. Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 1999.

Revised version excerpted as “Dragged at Anne’s Chariot Wheels: The Triangle of Author, Publisher and Fictional Character” in Literary Review of Canada (Toronto), May 1999, 16–20.

Revised version excerpted as “Author, Publisher, and Fictional Character” in Anne of Green Gables, by L.M. Montgomery, edited by Mary Henley Rubio and Elizabeth Waterston, 309–16. New York: W.W. Norton and Company, 2007. A Norton Critical Edition.

Reviews (2)

Gerson, Carole. “Maud’s Darkening Gables.” Review of L.M. Montgomery’s Complete Journals: The Ontario Years, 1911–1917, edited by Jen Rubio; L.M. Montgomery and War, edited by Andrea McKenzie and Jane Ledwell. Literary Review of Canada (Toronto), July–August 2017, 26–27.

Gerson, Carole. “Anne’s Anniversary.” Review of Anne of Green Gables, by L.M. Montgomery, edited by Cecily Devereux; Looking for Anne: How Lucy Maud Montgomery Dreamed Up a Literary Classic, by Irene Gammel; Anne of Green Gables: Stories for Young Readers, by L.M. Montgomery, adapted by Deirdre Kessler; Anne of Green Gables, by L.M. Montgomery (New Canadian Library); Anne of Green Gables, by L.M. Montgomery (Penguin Canada); Anne of Green Gables, by L.M. Montgomery, edited by Mary Henley Rubio and Elizabeth Waterston; Before Green Gables, by Budge Wilson (G.P. Putnam); Before Green Gables, by Budge Wilson (Penguin Canada). Canadian Children’s Literature / Littérature canadienne pour la jeunesse 34, no. 2 (Fall 2008): 98–111.

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